HomeLife Insurance55 insurance coverage phrases you need to learn about

55 insurance coverage phrases you need to learn about

On this a part of our consumer schooling collection, we’ll clarify the which means behind widespread business buzzwords to assist customers achieve a correct understanding of how completely different insurance coverage insurance policies work, to allow them to discover the protection that most accurately fits their wants. We encourage brokers and brokers to share this text with their shoppers to assist them navigate these complexities.

In case you are searching for a selected time period, push management + F (or Command + F on Mac) after which sort within the phrase to seek out the definition instantly.

The insurance coverage phrases beneath are divided into 5 classes:

  1. Common phrases – for buzzwords that apply to all insurance coverage insurance policies
  2. Auto insurance coverage phrases – for phrases that apply completely to automobile insurance coverage
  3. Medical insurance phrases – for accident and medical health insurance business buzzwords
  4. House insurance coverage phrases – for phrases usually utilized in property insurance coverage corresponding to householders’, landlord, and renters’ insurance policies
  5. Life insurance coverage phrases – for jargon generally present in life insurance coverage insurance policies

The definitions beneath have been primarily based on the glossaries of business our bodies Nationwide Affiliation of Insurance coverage Commissioners (NAIC), Insurance coverage Info Institute (Triple-I), and Worldwide Danger Administration Institute (IRMI), and several other insurance coverage business specialists—together with myself!


All-risk protection, additionally known as open perils, insures towards all varieties of losses, apart from these which are particularly excluded from the coverage. This is applicable to a number of property and casualty (P&C) classes, together with householders, auto, and business insurance coverage.


This refers back to the cancellation of an insurance coverage coverage earlier than the desired end-date. Sometimes, policyholders get a refund for any unused premiums, though insurers could cost a cancellation payment.


An insurance coverage declare is a proper request filed by the policyholder to their insurer for compensation for lined losses or damages. These can embrace vehicular accidents for auto insurance coverage, storm harm for householders’ insurance policies, and emergency surgical procedures for medical health insurance plans.

A claimant, in the meantime, is the one that recordsdata the declare. Generally, that is the policyholder.

Circumstances (Coverage circumstances)

That is the part of a coverage doc that explains the duties and obligations of the insured (policyholder) and the insurance coverage firm. It additionally states the necessities that must be met for the protection to be legitimate.

Graduation date

That is the date when the insurance coverage coverage goes into power. Additionally it is often called the efficient date.

Declarations web page

This part of the coverage doc, additionally referred to as the dec web page, summarizes the small print of the coverage. It comprises the coverages, limits, deductibles, and efficient date. This web page is usually situated on the entrance web page of the coverage.


A deductible is the quantity the policyholder agrees to pay out-of-pocket earlier than the insurance coverage firm shoulders the associated fee. Sometimes, the upper the deductible, the decrease the premiums because the insurers bear much less monetary danger.

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There isn’t a getting round paying insurance coverage deductibles. Even the most important insurance coverage corporations on the planet have these insurance policies, and their predominant objective is to make it so insurance coverage corporations do not get flooded with small claims.


A hazard is a scenario or situation that raises the probability {that a} loss will happen. Ice on sidewalks, for instance, will increase the prospect of an individual slipping and getting injured, whereas smoking raises the chance of a policyholder getting lung most cancers.

That is completely different from a peril, which is one thing that causes a loss. This contains fireplace, theft, collisions, pure disasters, diseases, and loss of life.


This refers to a interval when one goes with out insurance coverage protection. If an individual, for instance, fails to resume their auto insurance coverage coverage, then they now have a lapse in protection.


A loss is the premise for submitting an insurance coverage declare. This contains direct and unintended harm the insured or their property sustains.

Named insured

The named insured is the individual or enterprise named within the coverage, additionally known as the policyholder. An insurance coverage coverage can have multiple named insured. The named insureds are listed on the declarations web page of the coverage doc.

Named perils

These are the particular sort of losses or damages listed within the coverage doc. A named perils protection offers safety towards these.


An insurance coverage coverage is a written contract between the policyholder and the insurer that lays out the small print of the protection. This contains protection, exclusions, deductibles, and premiums.


That is the quantity charged by an insurance coverage firm in return for protection. There are a number of elements that influence premiums. These embrace age, gender, and driving historical past for auto insurance coverage, weather-related and crime dangers in an space for householders’ insurance policies, and medical historical past and smoking standing for all times insurance coverage.


A rider, typically known as an endorsement, is an non-compulsory protection that policyholders can add to their insurance policies. This contains id theft and water backup protection for residence insurance coverage, and accident forgiveness and roadside help for auto insurance policies.

Agreed worth

This sort of coverage pays out for the worth agreed upon by the policyholder and insurance coverage firm when the coverage was bought within the occasion the car is wrecked past restore. That is versus said worth protection, which reimburses whichever is decrease between the said worth or precise money worth on the time of the loss.

Bodily harm protection

Also called bodily harm legal responsibility, this pays for the medical bills a 3rd social gathering incurs attributable to an accident trigger by the policyholder. This coverage additionally covers authorized prices within the occasion the insured is sued for damages.

Collision protection

This a part of an auto insurance coverage coverage covers the price of damages ensuing from a collision with one other car or object, or the automobile flipping over.

Complete protection

That is the portion of a automobile insurance coverage coverage that pays out damages not brought on by a collision corresponding to fireplace, vandalism, and pure disasters. It additionally covers incidents of car theft.

Medical funds protection (auto)

Additionally referred to as Med Pay, that is an non-compulsory protection that helps pay for medical bills that the policyholder and their passengers incur attributable to a automobile accident, even when the driving force was at-fault.

Motorized vehicle report (MVR)

The MVR particulars an individual’s driving historical past, together with accidents and site visitors violations, as reported to a state’s motor division.

Private harm safety (PIP)

PIP is part of an auto insurance coverage coverage that offers protection for medical and different bills ensuing from a vehicular accident, no matter who’s at-fault. It covers the policyholder, the automobile’s passengers, and anybody driving the car for accidents sustained from a collision, even those that don’t carry insurance coverage.

Telematics insurance coverage

Additionally referred to as usage-based insurance coverage or UBI, this works by adopting onboard expertise or cellular purposes to monitor a policyholder’s driving habits. Telematics then makes use of the data gathered to reward secure drivers within the type of discounted premiums or, in some situations, penalize dangerous motorists within the type of surcharges.

Uninsured motorist protection

Uninsured motorist protection, additionally known as UM, is designed to offer compensation to policyholders when an at-fault driver doesn’t have legal responsibility insurance coverage or illegally leaves the scene of the crash.

Underinsured motorist protection

Underinsured motorist protection, or UIM, works nearly precisely the identical as UM. The one distinction is that UIM offers safety when the at-fault driver carries insurance coverage, however their protection just isn’t sufficient the pay for all bills.

Would you want a bit of little bit of assist with getting your premiums down? Learn our record of the ten most cost-effective automobiles so that you can insure within the UK.

Ambulatory providers

These are well being providers supplied to policyholders who usually are not confined to a healthcare establishment. Ambulatory providers are additionally known as outpatient providers.

Assisted dwelling care protection

This sort of protection pays out if the policyholder is confined to an assisted dwelling facility. Some well being insurers provide any such coverage as a rider.


These check with the entire expenditures paid out by an insurer for well being care providers accessed by the policyholder, together with medical and hospital payments.

Calendar yr deductible

That is the quantity that the policyholder should pay throughout a calendar yr earlier than the medical health insurance firm covers the prices.


Coinsurance is the portion of protection that the policyholder should pay for lined providers after the deductible has been paid. Coinsurance charges are sometimes indicated as a proportion. For instance, if the insurer pays 80% of the declare, the policyholder will shoulder the remaining 20%.


That is often a flat payment that the policyholder pays for sure medical providers, with the remainder lined by the insurance coverage supplier.

Group well being protection

That is an organization- or employer-sponsored plan that covers members or staff, in addition to their dependents, below a single coverage.

Lengthy-term care protection

Lengthy-term care insurance coverage, additionally referred to as LTCI, pays out the price of medical and non-medical providers supplied for senior-aged people who’ve misplaced the flexibility to look after themselves. It covers people cared for at residence, nursing houses, assisted dwelling amenities, or grownup day care facilities.

Out-of-network supplier

This refers to well being providers suppliers who usually are not a part of a well being plan’s community. Policyholders have the choice to entry out-of-network suppliers, however they typically pay extra for his or her providers.

Out-of-pocket most

That is the best quantity the policyholder pays throughout a yr for protection. This contains coinsurance, copayments, and deductibles, however is on prime of the common premiums. As soon as the out-of-pocket most has been reached, the well being insurer will cowl all bills for the remainder of the yr.

Need to be taught extra? Learn our record of the 10 largest medical health insurance suppliers within the US.

Precise money worth protection

This pays for the worth of the property on the time of the loss, factoring in depreciation. That is versus alternative value protection, which is defined beneath.

Extra dwelling bills protection

This covers the associated fee incurred if the house turns into uninhabitable attributable to a lined loss. Protection is customary in most owners’, apartment, and renters’ insurance coverage insurance policies, and contains meals and resort stays. This sort of coverage can be known as lack of use protection.


Value determinations are sometimes performed to get an correct estimate of the associated fee to rebuild a house, settle declare valuation disputes, and supply enough protection for private belongings.

Market worth

This worth refers to how a lot a property will promote available in the market.

Medical funds protection (property)

This sort of coverage covers the medical bills of company who’re unintentionally injured inside a property’s premises, no matter who’s at-fault. Protection doesn’t embrace the members of the proprietor’s family.

Different construction

This refers to buildings throughout the property’s premises that aren’t immediately connected to the home corresponding to a storage, fence, or shed. Relying on the coverage, these could also be lined below householders’ insurance coverage.

Private harm protection

This sort of coverage covers situations aside from bodily harm and property harm. These incidents embrace false arrest, invasion of privateness, libel, slander, and wrongful eviction.

Alternative value protection

This covers the associated fee to restore or exchange broken property with out factoring in depreciation. This sort of protection applies to the home, additionally referred to as dwelling, and private belongings.

Scheduled private property protection

This sort of rider permits the home-owner to lift the quantity of their coverage limits to cowl for high-value gadgets corresponding to jewellery, art work, musical devices, and different collectibles.

Water backup protection

This non-compulsory protection pays out for damages brought on by backed-up drains, clogged sewer traces, and failed sump pumps, in addition to mildew buildup ensuing from these occasions.


A beneficiary is the individual or entity that the policyholder designates to obtain the loss of life profit. This may be the insured’s partner, speedy household, different family members, mates, enterprise companions, or perhaps a charitable group. Policyholders can identify a number of beneficiaries for his or her life insurance policy and assign how a lot profit every individual or group will obtain.

Convertible time period life insurance coverage

This sort of coverage might be transformed into everlasting insurance coverage with out the necessity for medical evaluation. The insurance coverage firm is required to resume the coverage whatever the insured’s well being standing, topic to coverage circumstances.

Dying profit

This refers back to the quantity that the insurer pays the beneficiary after the policyholder’s loss of life.

Endowment coverage

This sort of protection pays out the profit both on the finish of the contract interval or upon the policyholder’s loss of life. That is versus customary life insurance coverage insurance policies, which pay the profit solely after the insured’s loss of life.

Dwelling advantages protection

This rider offers long-term care protection for the policyholder in the event that they turn out to be terminally in poor health.

Everlasting life insurance coverage

Everlasting insurance policies present assured lifetime protection and a money worth component that builds up over time that can be utilized as collateral if the policyholder decides to borrow.

Give up worth

This refers back to the quantity the policyholder will obtain from the insurer in the event that they determine to exit the coverage earlier than it matures. The worth is usually considerably decrease than the precise profit.

Time period life insurance coverage

This sort of coverage pays out a loss of life profit if the insured dies inside a specified interval. This implies the insured can solely entry the cost within the years when the plan is lively.

Common life insurance coverage

Common life insurance coverage is a sort of everlasting coverage that makes use of completely different premium buildings to construct up financial savings, with the earnings primarily based on how the market performs.

Complete life insurance coverage

Complete life insurance coverage is a sort of everlasting coverage the place the financial savings can develop at a assured charge.

Should you’re searching for some choices right here, examine the USA’s 15 largest life insurance coverage corporations.

Contemplating that insurance coverage is designed to guard an individual’s belongings and family members, buying a coverage requires cautious planning and analysis. Having a agency understanding of those insurance coverage buzzwords permits clients to discover a coverage that most closely fits their wants. With everybody talking the identical language, customers can discover the fitting protection minus the frustration and disappointment.

Are there any extra insurance coverage phrases that you really want us to cowl? Share them beneath and we’ll add them in an replace.



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